Un Global Warming Agreement- December 19, 2020
In July 2020, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced that it would estimate a 20% probability of global warming relative to pre-industrial values of more than 1.5 degrees Celsius in at least one year between 2020 and 2024, with 1.5 degrees Celsius as a key threshold under the Paris Agreement.   There is alarming evidence that significant tipping points, which lead to irreversible changes in important ecosystems and the global climate system, have already been achieved or exceeded. Ecosystems as diverse as the Amazon rainforest and the Arctic tundra can approach thresholds for dramatic changes due to warming and drying. Mountain glaciers are retreating alarmingly and the downstream effects of a reduction in water supply during the driest months will have effects that will exceed generations. The lack of perceived progress has also led to: that some countries are looking for other quality activities, such as the creation of the Clean Climate Coalition to reduce short-lived climate pollutants, and focus on quality alternative activities to regulate short-lived pollutants such as methane, soot and fluorocarbons (HFCs), which are estimated to account for up to 1/3 of current global warming, but whose regulations are not so strongly affected by economic impact and resistance.  The Paris Agreement  is an agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that deals with the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 States Parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of parties held at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and agreed on 12 December 2015.   Since February 2020, all 196 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement and 189 have left.  Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, Iran and Turkey are the only major emitters. We can limit the increase in global temperature to less than 2 degrees if we act now.
We now need all countries and all sectors of society to act – it is in everyone`s interest. […] Social and economic development and poverty eradication are the first and first priorities of the parties to developing countries, and a low-carbon development strategy is essential for sustainable development and the share of global emissions from developing countries will increase to meet their social and development needs. Under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on its contribution to the fight against global warming.  There is no mechanism for a country to set an emission target for a specified date, but any target should go beyond the previous targets. The United States formally withdrew from the agreement the day after the 2020 presidential election, although President-elect Joe Biden said America would return to the agreement after his inauguration.  “Progress will not be made around the world with all countries, but in small groups and by sector,” says Victor. This could be done in industries such as aeronautics or the steel industry; bilateral, z.B. between the United States and China; or through intergovernmental organizations such as the Group of Twenty (G20).